An appropriate mix of taxes and transfers can best be determined once expenditure responsibilities are defined. This paper analyzes the impact of decentralization on overall fiscal performance in the European Union, taking into account fiscal institutional arrangements. Delegating fiscal decision making power to sub-national governments has been an area of interest for both academics and policymakers given the expectation that it may lead to better and more efficient provision of public goods and services. The variation in the effectiveness of different forms of decentralization in generating desired outcomes provides an opportunity to try to identify some useful common findings that might inform future efforts at devolving decision-making and resource-allocation authority. This does not mean to say that these countries do not rely heavily on trade with South Africa; only that South Africa has no authority over them. You can change your cookie settings at any time.
The book studies the individual countries and compares similar issues based on the same blueprint. The wave was given a push by international donors who regarded devolution as the key to achieving efficiency in administrative performance and resource mobilization, and to ensuring popular participation in decision-making that would curb corruption. It also details the origins, formation, evolution and operations of federal political interests, through an authoritative series of chapters that: Analyze the conceptual bases of federalism and federation through the evolution of the intellectual debate on federalism; the American Federal experience; the origins of federal states; and the relationship between state-building and national integration. We find that spending decentralization has been associated with sizably better fiscal performance, especially when transfer dependency of subnational governments is low. The eight largest urban areas are governed by metropolitan municipalities. The economic structures remain highly undiversified, with oil accounting for than more 95% of exports and manufacturing sector accounting for less than one per cent of exports.
In some instances the protests concern not only municipal, but also provincial borders, as there are significant differences between the incomes of various provinces. Metropolitan municipalities act as both district and local municipalities, while the urban districts are divided into a number of local municipalities. Citizens above the age of 18 are eligible to vote during the general elections. The results indicate that vertical fiscal imbalances are relevant in explaining government debt accumulation suggesting a degree of caution when promoting fiscal decentralization. For the past two decades, experiments in decentralization and federalization have been developing in Africa, Asia, and the formerly communist states of Eastern Europe.
The analysis is not intended to assess whether the chosen decentralization model is the right one, which does not exist. Thereby Economic Growth is seen as an objective of Fiscal Decentralization and efficiency in the allocation of resources in the public sector. First, support can be given to larger and more advanced local governments to implement financial management tools and practices that exceed the minimum standards. Rather, it examines decentralization achievements in specific national settings and compares those achievements with the announced objectives. We used data for 28 provinces of the country estimated the model using a panel data regression with Fixed Effect.
However, the legacy of Apartheid also created a need for unity, personified in Madiba Nelson Mandela. Socioeconomic indicators such as infant mortality rate, literacy rate and the ratio of state government revenue to federal government revenue, which is used as a proxy for the level of fiscal decentralization, are employed. The final chapter also presents a definitive assessment of federal theory. Nevertheless, with increasing internal and external pressures to reform the structure of public administration and devolve authority and resources to regional and local level entities, more African governments are expected to travel further along the path of decentralization in coming years World Bank, 1999; Prud'homme, 2003; Smoke, 2003. Namibia, previously a South African territory, is also an entirely independent country. As a result, while a handful of the largest local governments may be able to live up to these standards, the vast majority of local governments will quickly abandon this effort and return to whatever system is most suitable given their limited institutional capacity.
However, subnational fiscal rules do not seem to be associated with better performance. Federalism and Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa: Five Patterns of Evolution Jan Erk 2. This paper also underlines the role of data covering the general government and its subsectors for comprehensive analysis of fiscal performance. On the other hand, the main purpose of decentralized governance is to reduce the centralized control of the central government—including the Ministry of Finance—and to entrust a greater share of planning, budgeting and operations to local governments that—by definition—will never have the same level of technical specialization in area of public financial management as the Ministry of Finance. In 1959 the Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act separated the black ethnic population into various groups along clan lines. Wunsch answer in a total of twelve chapters. Each homeland would have the right to self-governance, independent of white interference.
Countries have displayed a tendency to change some specific aspects of their systems of intergovernmental fiscal relations in isolation. The two countries have the vision of becoming advanced economies by the year 2020. Explore the pathology of federations, looking at failures and successes, the impact of globalization. They analyze decentralized policies that help stakeholders to identify the issues, point out stumbling blocks, and ensure coherent decisions on decentralization. Economists and policy-makers believe that the Fiscal Decentralization is an effective strategy to promote economic growth. I chose South Africa for my project on The Politics of Decentralization because I live here and felt that it would be the most relevant Sub-Saharan country personally and that I would be able to add the most value with this choice. Appropriate sequencing of the decentralization process of fiscal policy requires that the devolution of spending responsibilities to subnational governments be closely coordinated with the corresponding assignment of own-revenue sources and transfers from the center.
Ten countries are selected as case studies, and each constitutes a chapter written by two or more experts in decentralization study. The article proposes a scientific methodological approach to assessing the level of financial decentralization in Ukraine during the period of the decentralization reform 2014—2017. This book was original published as a special issue of Regional and Federal Studies. The book is an asset to all those involved in negotiating and implementing approaches to decentralization. This paper is an attempt to assess the economic performance in Nigeria with a view of identifying what went wrong and drawing lessons from Malaysia for its vision 2020. Publius: The Journal of Federalism Oxford Academic During the 1990s and early 2000s, a wave of decentralization reforms swept across Africa and the rest of the global South.